References for "Medication Consideration: The Beers List has implications for physical therapy when managing older patients"

By Allison Lieberman, PT, MSPT, GCS, and Rupangi Vyas, PT, DPT, GCS


1. Hanlon JT, Shimp LA, Semla TP. Recent Advances in Geriatrics: Drug-Related Problems in the Elderly. Ann Pharmacother. 2000;34:360-5.

2. Aparasu RR, Mort JR. Inappropriate Prescribing for the Elderly: Beer Criteria-Based Review. Ann Pharmacother. 2000;34:338-46.

3. Beers MH, Ouslander JG, Fingold SF, Morgenstern H, Reuben DB,Rogers W, et al. Inappropriate medication prescribing in skilled-nursing facilities. Ann Intern Med. 1992;117:684-9.

4. Venulet J, ten Ham M. Methods for monitoring and documenting adverse drug reactions. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther.1996;34:112-129.

5. Hajjar ER, Hanlon JT, Artz MB et. al. Adverse Drug Reaction Risk Factors in Older Outpatients.Am J Geriatr Pharmac. Dec 2003;1(2):82-89.

6. US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service.Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, 1991.

7. O'Mahony, Gallagher PF.Inappropriate prescribing in the older population: need for new criteria. Age and Ageing. 2008;37:130-141.

8. Fick DM, Cooper JW, Wade WE, Waller  JL, Beers MH. Updating the Beers Criteria for Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Adults. Arch Intern Med. 2003;163:2716-2724.

9. Laroche ML, Charmes JP,Bouthier F, Merle L. Inappropriate Medications in the Elderly. Clin Pharmacol Ther. Jan 2009;85(1):94-97.

10. The Joint Commission. National Patient Safety Goals. Available at: Accessed on September 15, 2011.

11. Guide to Physical Therapist Practice [CD ROM]. Alexandria, VA: APTA, Inc; 2002.

12. Bootman JL, Harrison DL, Cox E. The health care cost of drug-related morbidity and mortality in nursing facilities.Arch Intern Med. 1997;157:2089-96.

13. Curtis LH, Ostbye T, Sendersky V et. al. Inappropriate Prescribing for Elderly Americans in a Large Outpatient Population. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:1621-1625.



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